Colonization and Indipendence
The history of the archipelago is articulated and complex but substantially it can be divided into two great moments. The first was characterized by the discovery of the first islands, which took place in 1456 by some explorers at the service of Portugal and the second by the self-determination of the country that from July 5th, 1975 celebrates the date of its independence. The Portuguese colonization lasted over 500 years and took the form of alternating periods of slavery with others engaged in the attempt to exploit, without great success, the development of economic activities such as fishing, agriculture and those related to navigation. From the date of independence up to 1990, the country has given itself a political organization of a single party, and subsequently, with an amendment to the constitution, has introduced the multi-party system.